Print ISSN: 1813-0526

Online ISSN: 2220-1270

Keywords : Distance relay

Real Time Based Fuzzy Logic Distance Protection

Dr. Maamoon F. Al-Kababji

Al-Rafidain Engineering Journal (AREJ), 2012, Volume 20, Issue 3, Pages 1-14
DOI: 10.33899/rengj.2012.50471

This paper presents a new approach to real-time fault detection in power transmission systems using Fuzzy Logic (FL) based transmission line distance protection module. The proposed module uses samples of voltage and current signals to calculate line impedance, which used to construct an input-output data.
Simulation studies are preformed and influence of changing system parameters such as fault resistance and fault location. Details of the design procedure and the results of performance studies with the proposed relay are given.
Practical computer simulation program for monitoring the input and calculated values is built based on the Matlab 7.4- Real Time Simulink with National Instruments Data Acquisition System type (NI DAQ-6251). The results show that this approach can be used as an effective tool for high speed digital relaying, a correct detection is achieved in less than 10ms, results performance shows that the proposed algorithm is fast and accurate as compared with others used relays.

Keywords: Transmission line protection, Distance relay, Fuzzy logic, and Matlab-Simulink.

The Effect of Power Swing on Distance Relays Performance

Atheer Habash Abosh; Abdul Ghani A. Abdul Ghafoor

Al-Rafidain Engineering Journal (AREJ), 2009, Volume 17, Issue 5, Pages 43-48
DOI: 10.33899/rengj.2009.43386

The distance relay is suffering from under-reach in its performance. This is because of some transient disturbance, which may happen when the power flows and swings. Besides that the power swings as a consequence of some fault cases. In this paper a new distance relay has been suggested and modeled for detecting stable and unstable power swings.
This relay is known as out of step relay (OOS). The method employed is to measure the rate of change of the positive sequence impedance of the relay which supervise the trip signal that comes out of the distance relay. It allows the distance relay to work, if it detects an unstable power swing or a fault. On the other hand it blocks it if the power swing is stable. The new relay have been modeled and simulated using MATLAB-SIMULINK software programs.
The performance of this relay has been tested on an equivalent two sources system. The results prove that the suggested relay is active and fast. Thus overcoming the limitation of the distance relay in case of under-reach. The results also show that the new relay has the ability in discriminating between the types of faults, that occur during power swings.
Key Word: Power swing, Distance relay , Out of step protection technique.