Print ISSN: 1813-0526

Online ISSN: 2220-1270

Main Subjects : Architectural Design

Employing Local Architecture Elements in Airport Buildings

Amaleid Abd- Alrhman Yousif ِAlabasee; Momtaz Hazim Aldewachi

Al-Rafidain Engineering Journal (AREJ), 2022, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 1-20
DOI: 10.33899/rengj.2022.132340.1145

Airport buildings are among the complex and unique buildings of the contemporary century. Their importance lies in the fact that they represent the city’s gateway to the whole world. Employing local architecture elements is one of the design ideas used to design passenger buildings at airports, allowing the recipient (traveler) to define the urban identity of the city and the city’s history and culture, she indicated. There have been many proposals in architecture about the mechanism of employing the elements of local architecture in buildings, but none of these studies specifically addressed the mechanism used to employ elements of local architecture in airport buildings.
And the same thing is repeated when reviewing the architectural proposals related to the aspects related to airport buildings, so the general problem of research was identified by the lack of scientific knowledge and studies dealing with the employment of local architecture elements in airport buildings, while the special problem was identified in developing the approach or mechanism that shows how to employ local architecture in the passenger building.

The Design Characteristics of the Architectural Elements in the Houses of the Old Mosul City -An Analytical Study of the Iwan Element -

Sinan Mohammad Talee; Anwar Meshal Shareef

Al-Rafidain Engineering Journal (AREJ), 2021, Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 32-53
DOI: 10.33899/rengj.2021.129310.1079

Traditional architecture is characterized by specific configurations and elements, possessing design characteristics (formal and functional) that give the products of traditional architecture their character, As in the traditional architecture of the old city of Mosul. The buildings of the old Mosul city, have been subjected to damage as a result of the recent terrorist events, it was necessary to document and study these buildings by isolating the basic design elements that make up the building and studying its properties in a detailed method. The presentation of previous studies that dealt with the Mosul architecture revealed that there is a lack of knowledge specifically the Iwan element and its design characteristics, which determined (the nature of the research problem) while (the goal of the research) to discover the design characteristics (formal and functional) of the iwan in the architecture of old Mosul houses and extract the most important characteristics prevailing in it. The research Methodology builds on the structure of a theoretical framework that includes the definition of the architectural element and its design characteristics in general, and the definition of the iwan and its characteristics in the architecture of Mosul in particular. The analytical study of the Iwan was performed by two levels, depending on the database and images that were obtained and documented:The first (general level): This level included collecting and documenting various pictures of ‎‎24random samples from Iwans of the Mosul houses, and‎‏ ‏application of an analytical and descriptive study to discover their design characteristics.The second (detailed level): This level included collecting and documenting some pictures, information, and detailed drawings of 10 samples (For the element iwan predominant – pointed-), which were analyzed mathematically to reveal their proportions, and graphically using the AutoCAD program to reveal their detailed formal characteristics to reach a more accurate database that can be invested in restoring Construction of the old city.

Utilizing BIM 4D in Improving Project Execution Scheduling A Realistic Project for the Mosul Municipality as a Case Study

Mwafaq Yousif Ibrahim; Dhuha Abdulgani Al-kazzaz

Al-Rafidain Engineering Journal (AREJ), 2021, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 1-18
DOI: 10.33899/rengj.2021.128695.1068

The architectural projects in Iraq, designed according to the traditional method, face problems of the delay in the completion of work and the increase in the cost. The paper adopts the implementation of BIM system in the field of architectural design as one of the leading digital systems for estimating project scheduling accurately. The research problem was to identify the requirements for applying BIM 4D (one of the BIM tasks) in architectural projects in Iraq. The research goal was to determine the requirements of applying BIM 4D in public sector projects in Iraq. The research identifiedthe most important prerequisites, for examples: the adoption of Iraqi codes in defining the libraries of components involved in the design, the definition of the detailed components of building to take into account the local market such as manufacturers, setting determinants that require cooperation and communication between the relevant government agencies and the diverse design teams during the design phase to avoid future conflicts, and ensuring early participation of the contractor in the design stages.

Comparing the Rules in Digital Algorithmic Generation Methods for Architectural Designs

Aseel Ibrahim AL-Habeeb; Dhuha Abdulgani Al-kazzaz

Al-Rafidain Engineering Journal (AREJ), 2020, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 97-117
DOI: 10.33899/rengj.2020.126470.1007

The paper deals with digital generative algorithmic systems. Its aim is to investigate the extent to which the difference between rule-based algorithmic systems affects the definition of rules themselves. To achieve this aim, the paper put forward a theoretical framework of rule-based systems including the characteristics of rules, and the way they work. The framework was adopted as a basis for the comparison of four common rule-based algorithmic design approaches in architecture. They are Shape Grammars, L-systems, Cellular Automata, and Swarm Intelligence Algorithm. The results showed that the differences between the rule-based algorithmic systems are slightly reflected in their rules. The similarities are identified in many rule’s properties and their way of work such as: using symbols in the representation of rules, using substitution rules in the generation process, using the same procedures included in rules, the possibility of rule’s repetition and rule’s termination. However, shape grammars showed some individuality, especially in the reference of rules to architectural precedents.