Document Type : Research Paper


Architecture Engineering Department, College of Engineering, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq


With the beginning of the twentieth century, the radical change of the fabric shape of the modern city  into    vertical  complexes, low-cost ‎individual buildings as well as the complet  separation of city functions by using private vehicles as ‎the main means of transportation,  result in  polluting its environment ,  and weakening its ‎urban identity. The current research aims to compare the global sustainable transportation assessments in order to reach the criteria and indicators which affect sustainable transportation and its requirements,  that, in turn, ‎affect the urban fabric and reduce the negative effects of the modern city. Through the analysis of the most reliable global systems ‎and  some of previous studies and projects, the research paper    identifies a set of standards for those systems with ‎regard to sustainable transport, which directly affect the shape of urban fabric, and which contribute to providing necessary ‎physical infrastructure for the effective functioning of sustainable transport systems within these communities.


Main Subjects

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