Authors

Abstract

A non-linear, layered, finite element model for predicting the time dependent behavior of reinforced concrete slabs under sustained transverse loading is presented. The effects of biaxial creep and shrinkage are accounted for using short form of creep and shrinkage prediction model B3 for structures of medium sensitivity. The layered approach is used to represent the steel reinforcement and discretize the concrete slab through the thickness. The reinforcement steel is represented as a smeared layer of equivalent thickness with uniaxial strength and rigidity properties. Elastic perfect plastic approaches have been employed to model the compressive behavior of the concrete. The yield condition is formulated in terms of the first two-stress invariant. The movement of the subsequent loading surfaces is controlled by the hardening rule, which is extrapolated from the uniaxial stress-strain relationship defined by a parabolic function. concrete crushing is a strain controlled phenomenon. Which is monitored by a fracture surface similar to the yield surface. A smeared fixed crack approach is used to model the behavior of the cracked concrete, coupled with a tensile strength criterion to predict crack initiation. Several examples for which experimental results are available are analyzed, using the proposed model .The comparison showed good agreement.
Key words: Creep and Shrinkage, Nonlinear Analysis Reinforced Concrete Slabs, Time Dependent analysis.

Keywords