Architectural Engineering Department, College of Engineering, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq
Buildings vary in shapes, types and locations, but are correlated in the original elements and relations to constitute the unified building Type or a certain architectural style from a certain place. These relations are linking points among different architectural styles; each style has a strategy in dealing with these elements and relations. The strategy of dealing with those variables are the genetic tape that contains several codes, each of which donates relation shape. The varieties of these relations lead to a variation in building types and architectural styles. This variation in the structure of the code (the relations) depends on several environmental, social and geographical factors…etc.
The building types that could be much affected by those factors is the traditional house. The traditional Ottoman’sstyle house has been chosen in this study; as through previous studies conducted that there are some important points about the house and its shape . Most of the previous studies tackled only one specified term, other studies focused on the geometric principles to create traditional shape , and there is a co-genetic relations among the traditional houses. In order to achieve the objective of this paper, four samples oftraditional house from four countries(16 samples): Iraq, Syria, Turkey and Egypt have been analyzed ( four samples for each). An analysis houses outlines has been conducted and the major terms and determinants of the genetic code were found out. Then, the relations through which the basic shape was constituted have been found. Four elements of the genetic tape were identified as follows: Centrality, repetition, balance and scale. A matrix of the relations was made to find out the genetic tape of each house then of each region and eventually of the architectural style. The findings of the study show the existence of shape correlationswhich resulted in similarity among the genetic tapes of the traditional houses. Findings also show the shape’s genes that identify the architectural identity of each area under discussion in addition to results of cluster analysisthat show the three groups of selected sample within three clusters .
Key word :Traditional house, shape’s structure , geometric element , co-genetic relation , shape’s center , regularity. Genetic code .