An Assessment of the Impact of Extension on Preservation of The Heritage Mosques in Mosul Old City
Al-Rafidain Engineering Journal (AREJ),
2013, Volume 21, Issue 3, Pages 64-81
Heritage mosques of Mosul Old City (MOC) are characterized from other public buildings that it has a permanent function and its need for the extension over time. This renewed and vital need may conflict with preservation of these properties which is a priority of the conservation plan of MOC, however, many of such activities has enveloped a lot of mistakes that led to lose its heritage value, which constitutes a real risk to MOC characteristics.The research aims to assess preservation work performed on elected traditional mosques in MOC, and to define the impact of the expansion need in these buildings. Its phases has been analyzed through personal interviews with those responsible for preservation activities, field studies, and comparison with archive documents, to recognize the level of performing the preservation plans that carried out by participants.We found that most interventions have been carried out with reducing the heritage value of the building, especially when the actor attempted to achieve the extension to provide more space, without considering the principles of conservation theories included in the international charters. Methods, action plans, and strategies have varied due to the variety of official bodies, owners, funders, supervisors and the implementation methods. The final results indicated the absence of public and official awareness of the role of commitment to the standard preservation plans and policies, the lack of personnel experts sector of architectural heritage, and the inefficiency of the supervision provided by direct government authorities, official bodies and institutions to carry out the preservation activities.
Keywords: Preservation, Structural Extension, Preservation Assessment,Traditional Mosques
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